Honey bees can count to four
A bee being rewarded for counting
the right number of landmarks.

Research led by the head of visual neuroscience at University of Queensland's (UQ) Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) has demonstrated honey bees are capable of routinely counting up to four.

Professor Mandyam Srinivasan and a colleague from Sweden discovered a new insight into honey bee cognition after developing a series of experiments based on sugar-water incentives.

"We began by asking whether bees can learn to ‘count' the number of landmarks that they encounter on the way to a food source," Professor Srinivasan said.

"Individually marked bees were trained to receive a reward of sugar solution after they had flown past a specific number of regularly spaced yellow stripes during their flight through a narrow tunnel.

"Depending upon the experiment, this number was one, two, three or four.

"After training, the bees were individually tested by removing the food reward, and observing their searching behaviour in the tunnel to determine which landmark they had associated most strongly with the reward during the training."

When the research team randomly introduced random objects that were outside the bees' range of experience, the bees' ability to count to four did not appear to be hampered.

"Bees trained in this way are able to count novel objects, which they have never previously encountered," Professor Srinivasan said.

"Our findings provide evidence that bees are capable of counting objects on the way to a food source.

"In all probability, this counting is performed sequentially, and required the ability to maintain a running tally of the number of events, incrementing the tally by one each time an event occurs."

Professor Srinivasan's research paper Evidence for Counting Bees has been published in the journal Animal Cognition.

Editor's Note: Original news release can be found here.