All-time heat records are at risk in Alaska in coming days as a massive and abnormally intense area of high pressure locks in and strengthens over the region.
This heat dome is expected to produce temperatures near and above the highest values ever recorded for multiple days, particularly in southern parts of the state. It's the latest in a slew of record-shattering heat events in Alaska.
Anchorage is predicted to test or best its highest-temperature ever recorded of 85 degrees Fahrenheit (set in 1969) on five straight days between July 4 and 8. It could even flirt with 90 degrees.
The National Weather Service in Anchorage wrote that most of southern Alaska will be "downright hot with many locations in the 80s and even low 90s."
This forecast ahead for Anchorage, AK is pretty absurd— Eric Fisher (@ericfisher) July 3, 2019
Records at this site only to 1953, but all-time high is 85. NWS is forecasting 5 of the next 7 days to tie or break that record. (!) pic.twitter.com/29A5f0ykiM
Anchorage's nighttime lows may settle only in the mid-60s during this hot stretch, which is close to its average high at this time of year.
"This 7-day forecast contains the warmest 1-day, warmest 2-day, warmest 3-day, warmest 4-day, warmest 5-day, warmest 6-day, and warmest 7-day period on record for Anchorage," tweeted Alaska climatologist Brian Brettschneider.
This heat wave is the latest in a nonstop barrage of warm weather for the northernmost state. It comes right on the heels of a June that was well above average and filled with wildfires that are persisting and/or growing into July. Spring was disturbingly warm before that, and so was winter.
It also follows a historic heat wave in Europe, which shattered records.
Alaska's temperatures have shifted abruptly higher in the past few years, and it's a similar story across the Arctic more broadly because of climate change.
Sea ice surrounding the state is at record-low levels. The open water and lack of ice has elevated ocean temperatures more than 4.5 degrees (2.5 Celsius) above normal.
June 2019 sea surface temperature departures from 1981-2010 normal. Virtually entire Bering Sea north of 59N & Chukchi sea south of ice edge more than 2.5C (4.5F) & large areas much warmer. Impacts to communities & ecosystems continue. #Arctic #akwx @Climatologist49 @amy_holman pic.twitter.com/Udce3m0zrL— Rick Thoman (@AlaskaWx) July 2, 2019
The combination of the unusually warm coastal waters, the intense dome of high pressure over land, and near peak energy from the sun (just 10 days removed from the summer solstice) will act to maximize the potential for historically high temperatures.
Even before the development of this latest heat dome, strong high pressure has frequently sprawled over Alaska in recent weeks, leading to unusually high temperatures.
Alaska climatologist Rick Thoman tweeted that Anchorage, Kotzebue, Talkeetna and Yakutat all posted their warmest June on record, while Nome, King Salmon and McGrath logged their second-warmest June.
Record-breaking temperatures to close June helped the monthly averages soar this high. As one example, it hit 92 in Northway, near the eastern border with Canada on June's final day.
In southeast Alaska, where moderate to extreme drought has persisted for about a year, Juneau tied its third warmest day on record on June 28. The city also just completed its warmest five-day stretch on record (since 1936), according to Brettschneider.
Fairbanks average temp past 12 months of 32.9F (+0.5C) is the mildest July-June in the past century. Two things to note: for only the second time, average temp above freezing (2016 the other) & every one of the past five years is in the top 10. #akwx @Climatologist49 @newsminer pic.twitter.com/lUvvBofNkn— Rick Thoman (@AlaskaWx) July 3, 2019
While this blast of heat will eventually ease next week, the forecast calls for more warmer-than-normal conditions later into July and August.
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This article was originally published by The Washington Post.