After days of delays last week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its first guidance on what kinds of privileged activities people who've been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 can safely do.

The guidelines, issued Monday, allowed for unmasked indoor dinner parties among fully vaccinated people, and they also endorsed more hugs and less distance between vaccinated and unvaccinated extended family members – with some caveats.

"The recommendations issued today are just a first step," CDC Director Rochelle Walensky said at a White House COVID-19 press briefing Monday morning, announcing the new guidance.

"Fully vaccinated people can visit with other fully vaccinated people indoors without wearing a mask or physical distancing."

But, Walensky added, it's important for vaccinated people to "please keep wearing a well-fitting mask" in most other settings.

The new CDC recommendations also stressed that "fully vaccinated" doesn't kick off when a shot hits your arm.

For people who've gotten Moderna's or Pfizer's two-dose vaccines, it takes about two weeks after the second shot to be considered "fully vaccinated," while for Johnson & Johnson's new one-dose vaccine, protection is considered "full" two weeks after that single shot, the CDC said.

The 3 perks that fully vaccinated people can indulge in, according to the CDC:

  • Be indoors with other fully vaccinated people, without masks or distancing.
  • Be indoors with unvaccinated people "from a single household who are at low risk for severe COVID-19," without masks or distancing.
  • If exposed to someone with COVID-19, vaccinated people also don't need to test or quarantine, if they remain asymptomatic.

Outside of these three scenarios, the CDC is still stressing that vaccinated people should maintain the precautions that have become standard over the past year.

That means wearing a well-fitted mask in public, and taking extra care when around other unvaccinated people, especially those who are at risk of severe COVID-19. Vaccinated people should also still get tested if they experience COVID-19 symptoms. (While unlikely, it's still possible to get the coronavirus after you've been vaccinated.)

Vaccinated grandparents can safely hug their grandkids, without masks

For vaccinated grandparents who've been hungering to visit the grandchildren they've only seen on Zoom for many months, or for vaccinated mothers wanting to hug their kids from other households again, this is a major relief.

It's a first hint at what life might look like once much more of the country has been inoculated.

"Fully vaccinated grandparents can visit indoors with their unvaccinated healthy daughter and her healthy children without wearing masks or physical distancing, provided none of the unvaccinated family members are at risk of severe COVID-19," the guidance said.

But that kind of unmasking should be limited to gatherings with only one unvaccinated household.

"Continuing the example from above, if fully vaccinated grandparents are visiting with their unvaccinated daughter and her children and the daughter's unvaccinated neighbors also come over, the visit should then take place outdoors, wearing well-fitted masks, and maintaining physical distance (at least 1.83m)," the new guidance said. "This is due to the risk the two unvaccinated households pose to one another."

For fully vaccinated people, some indoor dinner parties are OK

Vaccinated people can also start planning safe indoor dinner parties with their vaccinated friends."If you are fully vaccinated, it is likely a low risk for you to invite other fully vaccinated friends to dinner inside your private residence," the CDC said.

But the guidance also said to avoid medium and large in-person gatherings that include unvaccinated people from multiple households.

"Though the risk of disease may be minimal to the fully vaccinated person themselves, they should be mindful of their potential risk of transmitting the virus to others if they become infected," the guidance said.

The Biden administration has promised to have enough vaccinations available for every US adult by the end of May. (The vaccines are available for free to all US adults, whether they're insured or not, according to federal law.)

Travel restrictions for vaccinated people haven't been changed, yet

The CDC is not updating its travel guidance yet, though, raising questions about how vaccinated adults might safely visit their family members who do not live nearby.

"We would like to give the opportunity for vaccinated grandparents to visit their children and grandchildren who are healthy, and who are local, but our travel guidance currently has been unchanged," Walensky said, stressing that "the travel corridor is a place where people are mixing a lot," and that coronavirus variants are circulating, both domestically and internationally.

"We're hopeful that our next set of guidance will have more science around what vaccinated people can do, perhaps travel being among them," she said.

This article was originally published by Business Insider.

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