Tens of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes in California's Napa and Sonoma valleys on Monday as wildfires fanned by fierce winds ripped through the world-famous wine region.

Under an opaque orange sky and a sweltering heatwave, vineyards were consumed and buildings devastated by the blaze that spread at a "dangerous rate" through 11,000 acres (4,500 hectares) and was zero percent contained, state fire agency Cal Fire said.

Celebrated Napa wineries have already gone up in smoke, such as Chateau Boswell and part of Castello di Amorosa, while there was a "significant loss" of buildings on the fringes of Santa Rosa, Sonoma County's largest town, said fire chief Tony Gossner.

"We saved the winery last night, but everything else was lost," Tuck Beckstoffer, president of a 20-acre vineyard near St Helena, told Wine Spectator magazine.

010 california fires 1The Shady Fire as it approaches Santa Rosa, California on September 28, 2020. (Samuel Corum/AFP)

Nearly 34,000 residents have been ordered to evacuate and some 14,000 more told to prepare to leave immediately, as "explosive fire growth" burnt through dry vegetation and difficult mountainous terrain, officials said.

Calistoga, a picturesque community at the top of the Napa Valley known for hot springs and as a launchpad for wine tours, has largely been evacuated.

CeeBee Thompson spent sleepless hours watching flames in the distance and packing her car, as Calistoga's recently installed warning sirens sounded twice during the night.

"We could see flames shooting up all night long," Thompson told AFP. "The only thing we have left to do is put the cats in the car."

The inferno is threatening communities in Napa and neighboring Sonoma still reeling from devastating wildfires in 2017, when 44 people died and thousands of buildings were razed.

"It's like a double whammy," Thompson said of the repeat destruction.

On Monday strong winds gusted up to 55 mph, blowing embers and spreading the blaze named the "Glass Fire."

Winds will "stabilize overnight, which should help with our efforts to take advantage of those conditions," said California governor Gavin Newsom.

More than 1,000 firefighters battled to bring the flames under control in a region that "has been hit over and over and over again," said Newsom, who blames the severity of recent fires on climate change.

You lose everything

Susie Fielder fled her St Helena home in Napa County at 3:30am, grabbing a photo of her grandparents off the wall and a small, pre-stocked bag of essentials after a warning alarm sounded in her neighborhood.

"This morning I was thinking what do you do if you lose everything?" Fielder told AFP.

Returning from a refuge in the city of Napa shortly before noon, she found her home ash-coated and without electricity but unscathed.

Nearby flame-ravaged Spring Mountain was barely visible through the smoke as Fielder got to work cleaning and moving food into a freezer powered by a generator.

She doesn't plan to unpack her "go bag" of essentials.

"I'm going to stay until somebody comes and knocks on my door and tells me I have to leave," Fielder said.

All hell breaks loose

California has been battling massive wildfires for months, stoked by dry conditions, strong seasonal winds and high temperatures.

Newsom warned that California is only "now moving in to the peak of the wildfire season," with Santa Ana winds sweeping south toward Los Angeles, where another major heatwave is expected.

Evacuations have been complicated by the coronavirus, which has hit the Golden State hard. Hotels and university accommodation are being used as alternatives to mass shelters.

Five of California's six biggest wildfires in history are currently burning, according to Cal Fire.

High winds have refueled those including the huge North Complex Fire, where new evacuations were ordered Sunday near the town of Paradise - site of California's deadliest modern fire in 2018.

Another new blaze started Sunday, the Zogg Fire, has already torn through 15,000 acres and is expected to merge with the historic 880,000-acre August Complex fire.

Kale Casey, a spokesman for firefighter efforts at the blaze, said winds had already been "pulling" flames away from contained areas before Sunday's high winds.

"And then you have a day like yesterday where all hell breaks loose," he told a virtual press conference.

© Agence France-Presse