You may have heard of [email protected], the number-crunching app you can run on your computer to help researchers tackle certain medical problems, including the new coronavirus. In the past month, the network of volunteers who've installed it has become so vast, the platform is outperforming the most powerful supercomputers in the world.
According to the [email protected] director, biochemist Greg Bowman, some 700,000 new [email protected] operators have joined up in recent weeks. That's a huge increase over the 30,000 people who are typically running [email protected] at any one time.
And it makes a huge difference in computing power too – the [email protected] network reached an astounding 2.4 exaFLOPs of processing power earlier this week, making it faster than the top 500 supercomputers in the world combined.
To give you some kind of idea of scale, the new Xbox One Series X console appearing this year is promising 12 teraFLOPs of graphics processing power, and you need a million teraflops to make up an exaFLOP.
It shows the power of ordinary home computers working at scale, and all this additional performance is being put to good use. The primary job of [email protected] is to model how proteins behave in the body, underpinning so many core biological functions.
Those functions include virus infection: the [email protected] team is looking in particular at how the so-called 'spike' of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (which is actually made up of three proteins) attaches itself to human cells and infects the human body.
This is the key way that the new coronavirus can penetrate tissue in the human body, and so blocking it could be crucial to future therapies and treatments. If we can understand more about how the spike proteins work – which is what the computer simulations powered by [email protected] are doing – then we can better design the drugs to stop them.
"If you tried to simulate the opening of the spike on your home computer, you'd be lucky to see even part of the process within the next 100 years," writes Bowman on the [email protected] blog. "Fortunately, we have reinforcements!"
The magic of [email protected] is that it splits up complex protein computer modelling into smaller tasks that can then be distributed to thousands of computers around the world – everyone takes a chunk.
If you install the app, you decide when it runs and how much of your computer's processing power it uses (you don't need a particularly high-end computer at all). If you want, the app will run when it detects you're not using the computer for anything else.
Plenty of other coronavirus-related projects are underway at [email protected] too: data are being processed to assess the effectiveness of potential drugs now being tested in the lab, and to analyse how the coronavirus controls a cell's machinery after infection.
No matter how slow your computer or how little time you think it can spend performing calculations for [email protected], every effort will get us closer to better treatments for and protections against COVID-19.