It started in December, just before Christmas.

Hundreds of dead perch were discovered floating along the banks of the Darling River – victims of a "dirty, rotten green" algae bloom spreading in the still waters of the small country town of Menindee, Australia.

Things didn't get better. The dead hundreds became dead thousands, as the crisis expanded to claim the lives of 10,000 fish along a 40-kilometre (25-mile) stretch of the river. But the worst was still yet to come.

This week, the environmental disaster has exploded to a horrific new level – what one Twitter user called "Extinction level water degradation" – with reports suggesting up to a million fish have now been killed in a new instance of the toxic algae bloom conditions.

For their part, authorities in the state of New South Wales have only gone as far as confirming "hundreds of thousands" of fish have died in the event – but regardless of the exact toll, it's clear the deadly calamity is an unprecedented ecological disaster in the region's waterways.

"I've never seen two fish kills of this scale so close together in terms of time, especially in the same stretch of river," fisheries manager Iain Ellis from NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI) explained to ABC News.

The DPI blames ongoing drought conditions for the algae bloom's devastating impact on local bream, cod, and perch species – with a combination of high temperature and chronic low water supply (along with high nutrient concentrations in the water) making for a toxic algal soup.

Weather snaps can worsen conditions, killing algae, which depletes oxygen levels in the water, further jeopardising fish.

But a number of Menindee locals don't buy the official line, saying a history of ill-considered water management in NSW has diverted flows along the Darling River, creating dangerously stagnant conditions that are now

In an emotional video that went viral this week on Facebook, two such locals filmed themselves standing in the stagnant water, surrounded by the lifeless corpses of dead fish.

"This is nothing to do with drought, this is a man-made disaster," one says.

"This is the most disgusting thing I've ever seen in my life."

Others agree, saying the horrific effects we're seeing are a combination of the drought on top of the effects of unsustainable water flow diversions that are "choking the life out of the system downriver", in the words of one independent MP.

The worst part is, it looks like things will get worse before they have a chance to get better.

"These types of events are likely to become more frequent, given there is a lot of diversion of water for irrigation upstream," environmental scientist Richard Kingsford from UNSW told AAP.

"The drought would not have as much impact if there was more water in the river and if there was more water in the river, the water quality would be better and the fish probably wouldn't be as badly affected."